Now faith is the SUBSTANCE of things hoped for, the EVIDENCE of things not seen..Hebrews 11
According to Wikipedia, Halton Christian Arp is an American astronomer, “known for his 1966 Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies, which (it was later realized) catalogues many examples of interacting and merging galaxies. Arp is also known as a critic of the Big Bang theory and for advocating a non-standard cosmology incorporating intrinsic redshift.”
Although Arp is/was a respected and published scientist, he has had a long term problem communicating the scientific problems with the big banl theory to cosmologists and fellow “scientists”.
The following is a from a Blog posting at Thunderbolts, May 25, 2009, who posit alternate theories to explain phenomena in the universe: From: Not Seeing What’s Not Believed
“The papers reporting and discussing these findings were rejected, delayed, or published in minor journals. Each observation was treated as a separate anomaly—set aside, dismissed with a makeshift excuse, or simply ignored. The systematic correlations and repetitions of the observations were disregarded. Certainly, one or two anomalies are not enough to cast doubt on a theory, but when anomalies preponderate and ad hocisms proliferate, the theory is apt to be wrong.
“It seems the toughest thing for scientists to grasp—that a cherished paradigm like the big bang can be wrong.”
Arp wrote, “In view of all the other evidence known to show that quasars, and 3C273 in particular, belonged to the Virgo Cluster, I gloomily came to the ironic conclusion that if you take a highly intelligent person and give them the best possible, elite education, then you will most likely wind up with an academic who is completely impervious to reality.” [Emphasis in original.]
The image of the fearless scientist dispassionately following the objective truths of careful observation into new regions of discovery turns out to be a pretense for timorous formalists whose observations and thoughts are fashioned to conform to peer opinion.